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Guides & Tutorial, Pao-Yue Kong Library, The Polytechnic University of Hong Kong

Hotel and Tourism Management

Your starting point for research and study in the area of hotel and tourism management.

Citation & Citation Style

What is a citation?   What is a citation style and which one should I use?

citation is a way of identifying and giving credits to others' published works that you used to support your own research. Citations can also be used to locate sources of works, as well as avoid plagiarism.

A citation consists of two parts: in-text citation and reference list. In-text citations are brief references of sources within the text of the paper, while reference list is a complete list of references at the end of the paper.

An example of citation <- An example of in-text citations and references in APA citation style
 

A citation style defines the necessary information for a citation, how the information is ordered, and what format citations should follow. 

SHTM students should use APA 6th style for their assignment. You can also check with your instructor in case there is any doubt. 

In PolyU, citation styles commonly used by various disciplines are listed below:
 

Subject Commonly used citation style
Applied Science & Textiles (FAST) APA / Harvard
Business (FB) APA / Harvard
Construction & Environment (FCE) IEEE / Harvard
Engineering (FENG) IEEE / APA
Health Sciences & Social Sciences (FHSS) APA
Humanities (FH) APA / MLA
School of Design (SD) APA
School of Hotel & Tourism Management (SHTM) APA

Built-in Citation Generator

You can copy citation in APA Style from OneSearch with the steps below:

  1. Click on CITATION (”) on the search result page.
  2. Select APA (6th edition) from the sidebar.
  3. Click on COPY THE CITATION TO CLIPBOARD to copy the citation and paste it in your assignment or paper.
  4. Double-check the accuracy of the copied information. Make necessary amendment if necessary.

You can copy citation in APA Style from Google Scholar with the steps below:

  1. Click on  on the search result.
  2. Copy the citation next to APA and paste it in your assignment or paper.
  3. Double-check the accuracy of the copied information. Make necessary amendment if necessary.

You can copy citation in APA Style from Scopus with the steps below:

  1. Click on More... on the search result.
  2. Click on Create bibliography.
  3. Select APA 6th - American Psychological Association, 6th from the pull-down manual.
  4. Click on Create bibliograph, then copy the citation and paste it in your assignment or paper.
  5. Double-check the accuracy of the copied information. Make necessary amendment if necessary.

You can copy citation in APA Style from EbscoHost with the steps below:

  1. Click on Cite on the sidebar of the search result.
  2. Browse for APA from the style provided, then copy the citation and paste it in your assignment or paper.
  3. Double-check the accuracy of the copied information. Make necessary amendment if necessary.

You can copy citation in APA Style from ProQuest with the steps below:

  1. Click on Cite on the sidebar of the search result.
  2. Select APA 6th - American Psychological Association, 6th Edition from the pull-down manual.
  3. Copy the citation and paste it in your assignment or paper.
  4. Double-check the accuracy of the copied information. Make necessary amendment if necessary.

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EndNote & Others

You can make use of the following reference management tools to create citations in APA style and manage your references. Please refer to the step-by-step guides below for details:

 

The Library conducts workshops for EndNote & Mendeley in every semester. You may register a workshop from the Library homepage.

APA Style Examples

Example 1 (e-Journal Article)

Au, N., & Law, R. (2002). Categorical classification of tourism dining. Annals of Tourism Research, 29(3), 819-833.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(01)00078-0


Example 2 (Print Book)

Walker, J. R. (2016). Exploring the hospitality industry (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson.


Example 3 (Chapter in an Edited Book)

Hirst, J. (2016). Can hotels educate consumers about sustainability? In M. A. Gardetti & A. L. Torres (Eds.), Sustainability in hospitality :

How innovative hotels are transforming the industry (pp. 156-178). UK: Greenleaf Publishing Limited.


Example 4 (Online Newspaper Article)

Anonymous. (2016, May 17). Paradise lost: World's most beautiful places under threat of tourism. BBC News. Retrieved from

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-36313139


Example 5 (Webpage)

Pacific Asia Travel Association. (2016, March 30). Linking sustainability targets to bonuses. Retrieved from

http://sustain.pata.org/linking-sustainability-targets-bonuses/


Example 6 (YouTube Video)

Urban Herne. (2014, March 31). Principles of sustainable tourism [Video file]. Retrieved from

https://youtu.be/rT6P2N_x-Mc