PolyU ELC Reference Guides
|What is a citation?||What is a citation style and which one to choose?|
A citation is a way of identifying and giving credit to others' published works that you used to support your own research. Other than facilitating researchers to locate sources of works, including citations in a paper also helps avoid plagiarism.
A citation consists of two parts: in-text citation and reference list. In-text citations are brief references of sources within the text of the paper, while reference list is a complete list of references at the end of the paper.
A citation style defines the necessary information for a citation, how the information is ordered, and what format citations should follow.
Generally, the citation style you use depends on your discipline. If you're not sure, check with your instructor. In PolyU, citation styles commonly used by various disciplines are listed below:
IEEE Style for Engineering
IEEE style follows a numbered system in referencing. Each source is cited with a number in square brackets in text.
► Journal Articles:
[#] A. A. Author of article, "Title of article," Title of Journal, vol. #, no. #, pp. Page number(s), Month year.
 H. Y. Li, X. J. Jing, H. K. Lam, and P. Shi, "Fuzzy Sampled-Data Control for Uncertain Vehicle Suspension
Systems," IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, vol. 44, no. 7, pp. 1111-1126, Jul. 2014.
 I. Fialho and G. Balas, “Road adaptive active suspension design using linear parameter-varying gain-scheduling,”
IEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 43–54, Jan. 2002.
► Conference Articles:
[#] A. A. Author of article, "Title of paper," in Title of Published Proceedings: Proceedings of the Title of Conf., Month
Date, Year, Location, A. A. Editor, Ed(s). Place of publication: Publisher, Year. pp. inclusive page number(s).
 C. W. J. Cheung, S. Y. Law, and Y. P. Zheng, "Development of 3-D Ultrasound System for Assessment of
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): and System Validation," in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International
Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Osaka, Japan, Jul. 3-7, 2013, pp. 6474-6477.
[#] A. A. Author of presentation, "Title of Presentation," presented at Title of Conf., Month Date, Year,
 H. A. Nimr, "Defuzzification of the outputs of fuzzy controllers," presented at 5th International Conference on Fuzzy
Systems, 1996, Cairo, Egypt.
► Theses & Dissertations:
[#] A. A. Author of thesis, Title of Thesis. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.
 Y. Pan, Control and design for a multi-evaporator air-conditioning (MEAC) system. Hong Kong:
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, May 2012.
► Internet Resources (Webpage):
[#] A. Author (or Name of organization) (optional), Document title, Year of publication. [Format]. Available: URL
[Accessed: Month Day, Year].
 National Institute of Standards and Technology Communications Security Establishment Canada. Implementation
Guidance for FIPS PUB 140-2 and the Cryptographic Module Validation Program, 2016. [Online]. Available:
http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/STM/cmvp/documents/fips140-2/FIPS1402IG.pdf [Accessed: May 10, 2016].