A citation is a way of identifying and giving credit to others' published works that you used to support your own research. Other than facilitating researchers to locate sources of works, including citations in a paper also helps avoid plagiarism.
A citation consists of two parts: in-text citation and reference list. In-text citations are brief references of sources within the text of the paper, while reference list is a complete list of references at the end of the paper.
A citation style defines the necessary information for a citation, how the information is ordered, and what format citations should follow.
Generally, the citation style you use depends on your research area. Check with your instructor or supervisor if you are not sure which style you should use for your assignment. Some commonly used styles for different faculties are listed in the table below.
|Faculty (Subject)||Commonly Used Citation Style||Citation Guide by Subject|
|Applied Science & Textiles (FAST)||APA / Harvard||Guides for Applied Science & Textilres|
|Business (FB)||APA / Harvard||Guides for Business|
|Construction & Environment (FCE)||IEEE / Harvard||Guides for Construction & Environment|
|Engineering (FENG)||IEEE / APA||Guides for Engineering|
|Health Sciences & Social Sciences (FHSS)||APA|
|Humanities (FH)||APA / MLA||Guides for Humanities|
|School of Design (SD)||APA||Guide for Design|
|School of Hotel & Tourism Management (SHTM)||APA||Guide for Hotel & Tourism Management|
PolyU ELC Reference Guides