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Guides & Tutorial, Pao-yue Kong Library, The Polytechnic University of Hong Kong

Citation Guides: by Subjects

What is a Citation?

A reference providing information about where a particular quotation, text, etc., is to be found; a bibliographical reference.  [Oxford English Dictionary]

In general, citations help readers to locate your sources of information, as well as avoid plagiarism.

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How do I Avoid Plagiarism?

“Plagiarism, the act of taking the writings of another person and passing them off as one’s own.”
Plagiarism. (2016). In Encyclopædia Britannica.
Retrieved from

To avoid plagiarism, there are a few things you can do:

  • Be familiar with your own topic of writing.
  • ​Keep a list of all the reference materials you consulted and of course make notes.
  • ​You may quote, rephrase, summarize, etc. in your work, but make sure you cite all your sources properly (both in-text and in the bibliography part)

Tools and tips

1. Say "no" to plagiarism

2. Interactive tutorial to understand the importance and mechanics of avoiding plagiarism through proper citing. 

3. Turnitin or SafeAssign (access via learn@PolyU)

4. Other freeware for plagiarism detection 


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