A reference providing information about where a particular quotation, text, etc., is to be found; a bibliographical reference. [Oxford English Dictionary]
In general, citations help readers to locate your sources of information, as well as avoid plagiarism.
Understanding and avoiding plagiarism
You need to understand why and how to use citations to help you avoid plagiarism! The Online Tutorial on Academic Integrity has been developed to raise students’ awareness of academic integrity and the University’s expectations for honest academic behaviour. Use this interactive tutorial to understand the importance and mechanics of avoiding plagiarism through proper citing.
The Library offers several reference management tools: EndNote, Mendeley, and Zotero (which are freeware). Understand the features of these tools from this page and choose a proper tool to organize your citations and references. Refer to this EndNote FAQ if you encounter any problems with EndNote.
Which citation style shall I use?
The citation style you use depends on your discipline. If you're not sure, check with your professor. Citation styles commonly used by various disciplines are listed below:
Hickman, R. (2008). Research in art & design education: issue and exemplars. Bristol: Intellect.
Cartier, P. (2011). Most valuable aspects of educational expectations of the students in design education. Procedia- Social and Behavioral Science, 15(0), 2187-2191. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.04.077
Xing, N. (2013). Design for the public: public design in outdoor privately owned public space (POPS) in Hong Kong shopping centres (Doctoral dissertation). The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.
McCallum, R. (Producer) & Lucas, G. (Director). (2005). Star Wars. Episode III, Revenge of the Sith [Motion Picture]. Beverly Hills, CA: 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment.
The Washington Post (2012, April 6). TechBits: Now Android users can share Instagram photos like their friends with iPhones TechBits: Now Android users can share Instagram photos like their friends with iPhones. The Washington Post. Retrieved from Newspaper Source
Sharp, Y., Rogers, H. & Preece, J. (2007). Using the “technology as experience" framework. In Interaction design: Beyond human-computer interaction (Case Study 5.1). Retrieved from http://www.id-book.com/casestudy_5-1.php
Citation link on databases
Many databases provide quick link to citation style, you can simply "copy" the citation from your search result list and "paste" to your document. The following are a few examples of copying APA citation (6th edition) from online sources: