Citation: A (Very) Brief Introduction - NC State University Libraries [1:54]
A citation is a way of identifying and giving credit to others' published works that you used to support your own research. Other than facilitating researchers to locate sources of works, including citations in a paper also helps avoid plagiarism.
A citation consists of two parts: in-text citation and reference list. In-text citations are brief references of sources within the text of the paper, while reference list is a complete list of references at the end of the paper.
A citation style defines the necessary information for a citation, how the information is ordered, and what format citations should follow.
Generally, the citation style you use depends on your research area. Check with your instructor or supervisor if you are not sure which style you should use for your assignment. Some commonly used styles for different faculties are listed in the table below.
Generally, the citation style you use depends on your discipline. If you're not sure, check with your instructor. In PolyU, citation styles commonly used by various disciplines are listed below:
|Subject||Commonly used citation style|
|Applied Science & Textiles (FAST)||APA / Harvard|
|Business (FB)||APA / Harvard|
|Construction & Environment (FCE)||IEEE / Harvard|
|Engineering (FENG)||IEEE / APA|
|Health Sciences & Social Sciences (FHSS)||APA|
|Humanities (FH)||APA / MLA|
|School of Design (SD)||APA|
|School of Hotel & Tourism Management (SHTM)||APA|
APA style follows an author-year format in referencing. A citation contains two parts:
1. In-text citation
Many databases provide a quick link to citation style, you can simply "copy" the citation from your search result list and "paste" to your document. The following are a few examples of copying APA citation (6th edition) from online sources:
To use the citation generator in OneSearch, you can refer to the steps below:
To use the citation generator in EBSCOhost, you can refer to the steps below:
To use the citation generator in Google Scholar, click on the Citation Button on the result page after searching. You can then copy the citation and paste it to the reference list of your assignment.
To use the citation generator in ProQuest, you can refer to the steps below: