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Guides & Tutorial, Pao-yue Kong Library, The Polytechnic University of Hong Kong

Textiles, Clothing and Fashion: Citation and Avoid Plagiarism

Subject Guide on Library Materials of Textiles, Clothing and Fashion

What is a citation?

A reference providing information about where a particular quotation, text, etc., is to be found; a bibliographical reference.  [Oxford English Dictionary]

In general, citations help readers to locate your sources of information, as well as avoid plagiarism.

Understanding and avoiding plagiarism

You need to understand why and how to use citations to help you avoid plagiarism! The Online Tutorial on Academic Integrity has been developed to raise students’ awareness of academic integrity and the University’s expectations for honest academic behaviour. Use this interactive tutorial to understand the importance and mechanics of avoiding plagiarism through proper citing. You may access this online tutorial via Learn@PolyU:

Online Tutorial on Academic Integrity 

Citation and Journals

The following are the top 10 publishers which PolyU researchers have their works published across various subject areas in the recent 5 years. [Data from Scopus]

1.       Elsevier
2.       IEEE
3.       Springer
4.       Wiley
5.       Taylor & Francis
6.       Sage
7.       Royal Society of Chemistry
8.       Emerald
9.       American Institute of Physics
10.     American Chemical Society

If you are writing a paper for a journal, always check the citation style requirements from that specific journal, because different journal (or publisher) may use different citation styles.

You may refer to the following examples:

1. Elsevier

2. Springer

3. Wiley

4. Taylor and Francis

Reference management tool

The Library offers several reference management tools: EndNote, Mendeley, and Zotero (which are freeware). Understand the features of these tools from this page and choose a proper tool to organize your citations and references. Refer to this EndNote FAQ if you encounter any problems with EndNote.

Which citation style shall I use?

The citation style you use depends on your discipline. If you're not sure, check with your professor. Citation styles commonly used by various disciplines are listed below:

Subject Commonly used
citation style
Applied Science & Textiles (FAST) APA / Harvard
Construction & Environment (FCE) IEEEHarvard
Engineering (FENG) IEEE
Health Sciences (FHSS) APA
Social Sciences (FHSS) APA
Humanities (FH) APAMLA
School of Design (SD) APA
School of Hotel & Tourism
Management (SHTM)

Harvard style for Institute of Textiles and Clothing

Two parts of a citation:

1. In-text citation

  • Mainly include Author name and publication year, e.g., Watkins & Dunne (2015) argue that ...

2. References

Reference list should be

  • Sorted by the author name in alphabetical order
  • Consistent with the in-text citation

Example 1 (Print Book)

Harvard Style

NAYAK, R., PADHYE, R. & TEXTILE, I. 2015. Garment manufacturing technology, Sawston, Cambridge, UK, Woodhead Publishing, an imprint of Elsevier.

WATKINS, S. M. & DUNNE, L. E. 2015. Functional clothing design : from sportswear to spacesuits, New York ; London, Fairchild Books, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing Inc.

Example 2 (Journal article)

HO, H. P.-Y. & CHOI, T.-M. 2012. A Five-R analysis for sustainable fashion supply chain management in Hong Kong: a case analysis. Journal of Fashion Marketing & Management, 16, 161-175.

LAW, D. & YIP, J. 2010. Profiling Chinese Hong Kong consumers' attitudes on the atmospheric management strategies adopted by intimate apparel retailers. Journal of the Textile Institute, 101, 173-181.


Citation link on databases

Many databases provide quick link to citation style, you can simply "copy" the citation from your search result list and "paste" to your document. The following are a few examples of copying APA citation (6th edition) from online sources:

1. OneSearch  

2. ProQuest