A reference providing information about where a particular quotation, text, etc., is to be found; a bibliographical reference. [Oxford English Dictionary]
In general, citations help readers to locate your sources of information, as well as avoid plagiarism.
Understanding and avoiding plagiarism
You need to understand why and how to use citations to help you avoid plagiarism! The Online Tutorial on Academic Integrity has been developed to raise students’ awareness of academic integrity and the University’s expectations for honest academic behaviour. Use this interactive tutorial to understand the importance and mechanics of avoiding plagiarism through proper citing. You may access this online tutorial via Learn@PolyU:
The Library offers several reference management tools: EndNote, Mendeley, and Zotero (which are freeware). Understand the features of these tools from this page and choose a proper tool to organize your citations and references. Refer to this EndNote FAQ if you encounter any problems with EndNote.
Which citation style shall I use?
The citation style you use depends on your discipline. If you're not sure, check with your professor. Citation styles commonly used by various disciplines are listed below:
Harvard style for Institute of Textiles and Clothing
Two parts of a citation:
1. In-text citation
Mainly include Author name and publication year, e.g., Watkins & Dunne (2015) argue that ...
Reference list should be
Sorted by the author name in alphabetical order
Consistent with the in-text citation
Example 1 (Print Book)
NAYAK, R., PADHYE, R. & TEXTILE, I. 2015. Garment manufacturing technology, Sawston, Cambridge, UK, Woodhead Publishing, an imprint of Elsevier.
WATKINS, S. M. & DUNNE, L. E. 2015. Functional clothing design : from sportswear to spacesuits, New York ; London, Fairchild Books, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing Inc.
Example 2 (Journal article)
HO, H. P.-Y. & CHOI, T.-M. 2012. A Five-R analysis for sustainable fashion supply chain management in Hong Kong: a case analysis. Journal of Fashion Marketing & Management, 16, 161-175.
LAW, D. & YIP, J. 2010. Profiling Chinese Hong Kong consumers' attitudes on the atmospheric management strategies adopted by intimate apparel retailers. Journal of the Textile Institute, 101, 173-181.
Citation link on databases
Many databases provide quick link to citation style, you can simply "copy" the citation from your search result list and "paste" to your document. The following are a few examples of copying APA citation (6th edition) from online sources: