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Guides & Tutorial, Pao-yue Kong Library, The Polytechnic University of Hong Kong

Hotel & Catering Management: Citation and Avoid Plagiarism

Your Starting Point for Research and Study in SHTM-related area.

What is a citation?

A reference providing information about where a particular quotation, text, etc., is to be found; a bibliographical reference.  [Oxford English Dictionary]

In general, citations help readers to locate your sources of information, as well as avoid plagiarism.


PolyU is concerned about academic honesty and is committed to helping you learn how to avoid plagiarism. One way you can improve your work and stay plagiarism-free is to use Turnitin (a web-based plagiarism-detection service) to review your own work.

If you are required to submit any course assignment for Turnitin originality check, your instructor will create a Turnitin Assignment link for your use on the course page in LEARN@PolyU(理學網). Please refer to the step-by-step instructions here. You do NOT have to register for a Turnitin account via or ITS.

Please contact ITS@HOTS at or 2766 5900 for further questions of using Turnitin.  

Also check out other ways to help you avoid plagiarism from this link:

Citation and Journals

The following are the top 10 publishers which PolyU researchers have their works published across various subject areas in the recent 5 years. [Data from Scopus]

1.       Elsevier
2.       IEEE
3.       Springer
4.       Wiley
5.       Taylor & Francis
6.       Sage
7.       Royal Society of Chemistry
8.       Emerald
9.       American Institute of Physics
10.     American Chemical Society

If you are writing a paper for a journal, always check the citation style requirements from that specific journal, because different journal (or publisher) may use different citation styles.

You may refer to the following examples:

1. Elsevier

2. Springer

3. Wiley

4. Taylor and Francis

Reference management tool

The Library offers several reference management tools: EndNote, Mendeley, and Zotero (which are freeware). Understand the features of these tools from this page and choose a proper tool to organize your citations and references. Refer to this EndNote FAQ if you encounter any problems with EndNote.

Which citation style shall I use?

The citation style you use depends on your discipline. If you're not sure, check with your professor. Citation styles commonly used by various disciplines are listed below:

Subject Commonly used
citation style
Applied Science & Textiles (FAST) APA / Harvard
Construction & Environment (FCE) IEEEHarvard
Engineering (FENG) IEEE
Health Sciences (FHSS) APA
Social Sciences (FHSS) APA
Humanities (FH) APAMLA
School of Design (SD) APA
School of Hotel & Tourism
Management (SHTM)

APA Style for School of Hotel & Tourism Management

Two parts of a citation:

1. In-text citation

  • Mainly include Author name and publication year

2. References

Reference list should be

  • Sorted by the author name in alphabetical order
  • Consistent with the in-text citation



Example 1 (e-Journal Article)

Au, N., & Law, R. (2002). Categorical classification of tourism dining.

Annals of Tourism Research, 29(3), 819-833.


Example 2 (Print Book)

Walker, J. R. (2016). Exploring the hospitality industry (3rd ed.).

Boston: Pearson.


Example 3 (Chapter in an Edited Book)

Hirst, J. (2016). Can hotels educate consumers about sustainability?

In M. A. Gardetti & A. L. Torres (Eds.), Sustainability in hospitality :

How innovative hotels are transforming the industry (pp. 156-178).

UK: Greenleaf Publishing Limited.


Example 4 (Online Newspaper Article)

Anonymous. (2016, May 17). Paradise lost: World's most beautiful places

under threat of tourism. BBC News. Retrieved from


Example 5 (Webpage)

Pacific Asia Travel Association. (2016, March 30). Linking sustainability

targets to bonuses. Retrieved from


Example 6 (YouTube Video)

Urban Herne. (2014, March 31). Principles of sustainable tourism

[Video file]. Retrieved from

Citation link on databases

Many databases provide quick link to citation style, you can simply "copy" the citation from your search result list and "paste" to your document. The following are a few examples of copying APA citation (6th edition) from online sources:

1. OneSearch  

2. ProQuest